当前位置: 永利总站存18送38网址官网 > 永利网页登录 >

Other economists and social scientists stretch t

2019-01-04 17:06来源:永利总站存18送38网址官网

      【永利总站存18送38网址官网】Other economists and social scientists stretch t

   Such an assertion may seem to fly in the face of recent economic data and even the long upward slope of history. Between 2013 and 2016, after all, the median income for U.S. families grew 10%, according to the Federal Reserve Board我不知道t’s oft-cited Survey of Consumer Finances. The unemployment rate, meanwhile, is at its lowest level since 1969—the year of the moon landing—as the private sector has generated some 20 million new jobs since 2010. Wages, too, are at last starting to climb after a long stretch of stagnation. All really good signs, no?

And yet for nearly every rah-rah measure in the economy of late, there is an asterisk: a footnote that suggests that a huge and perhaps growing subset of Americans is being left off the dance floor. Consider the most basic: wages. For non-supervisors, average hourly earnings hit nearly $23 in November永利网页登录—a fact that, according to data from the Pew Research Center, gives today’s workers slightly less purchasing power than those in January 1973, once inflation is factored in ($23.68 in 2018 dollars).

All of which creates a challenge of measurement. If sizing up the middle class is difficult enough, iteconomists’s that much harder to say that circumstances within this group have changed. And yet that is precisely what we’ve devoted the 28 pages in this special report to sayingstretch—and showing. Life has gotten harder in recent years for millions of people within the middle class. Put simply: For too many, the American dream has been fading.

The U.S. is a middle-class nation对于stretch—it was founded on middle-class ideals, he continues. And so defining one’s self as middle class is, perhaps counterintuitively, aspirational in some ways. scientists“Americans don’t like the idea of seeing themselves as upper crust, snobs, snooty, aristocrats, upper class, et cetera,” says Reeves, an economist and self-described 其实永利网页登录“recovered Brit看着永利网页登录” who has written a new book, Dream Hoarders, precisely on that rarefied American upper crust. “People also don’t like to think of themselves as poor, or even as working class. To the extent that the U.S. has a class consciousness, it tends to be around the middle class.事实上永利网页登录”

“I sometimes think there are as many definitions of the middle class as there are Americans claiming to be middle class,” says Reeves, a senior fellow at Brookings and director of its Future of the Middle Class Initiative, who quickly throws in one of his favorite noneconomic definitions: 看看永利网页登录“You’re middle class if you have two refrigerators. You have a new one in your kitchen, and you have your old one in the garage or basement, where you keep your beer.other”

Other economists and social scientists stretch the boundaries of membership in different dimensions, based on degrees of wealth or spending power, professional status or education level, what neighborhood you live in, or even on that very American of conceits, self-determinationstretch—which is to say, if you think you’re middle class, you are.

The vast majority of Americans consider themselves “middle class.” No one can quite agree, though, on what that means. Richard Reeves, along with colleagues at the Brookings Institution, has cataloged no fewer than a dozen economic formulas that seek to define this elastic cohort largely by what people earn each year: household income between X and Y; personal income thatand’s within some percentage of the national median; distance from the poverty line; and so on. Combine the lot, and the range of who might be considered middle class is extraordinarily expansive—including anyone from a singlscientistse, part-time bartender scratching by on $13,000 a year to a suburban power couple pulling in $230,000, or 90% of American households in all.


听听永利网你看永利网页登录页登录
Other
social
t
你看and
永利网页登录
对比一下social
economists
相比看Other
你看永利网页登录
你你知道economists看social
听听t
其实永利网页登录
永利网页登录
想知道scientists

永利总站存18送38网址官网

永利总站存18送38网址官网

copyright 2006 http://www.codecomplex.net All Rights Reserved 粤ICP备05073264号
主办:永利总站存18送38网址官网 技术支持:广东南方网络信息科技有限公司  粤公网安备44010402001407号
永利总站存18送38网址官网_永利总站线路 网站标识码4400000038